Test tube babies and cloning aren’t the same thing though. Test tube babies (proper name is in vitro fertilization) and it is simply putting the sperm and egg together outside a woman’s body. Afterwards it is placed in a woman’s womb where it continues to develop naturally. IVF babies take traits from each of the parent’s DNA rather than just a copy of the donor. When a test tube baby is born the child’s organs are new and doesn’t suffer the same health complications that cloning animals do. Cloning is different and more complex than IVF.
Cloning is performed when the cells enter their dividing process. Scientists inject the DNA from one creature into the embryonic stem cell of another and let it continue to develop normally inside the womb of an animal. If all goes according to plan you end up with an exact copy of the original owner’s DNA. 90% of the time they fail and the uterus rejects it. In the event of a successful clone and delivery a large portion of that 10% die soon after delivery because of health problems. Dolly was a spectacular achievement because she was born healthy and lived for another six years. Dolly was cloned from a six year old ewe and sheep typically have a 10-12 year life span so she died at a typical age for a sheep.
Sorry, after we covered cloning in my science class I kinda took an interest lol.
I’ve heard that they are experimenting with a…what would you call it…an artificial-womb? In theory it would replicate a womb exactly and the animal (or person) would grow to term. That way new-moms get to keep their beach bodies! Yay! Perhaps if scientists can create a controlled version of a uterus they can make controlled versions of stem cells and dna too possibly making cloning more stable.
Man, if people are upset about cloning and abortion wait until faux-wombs makes their debut. (abortion would be an issue because on some occasions they’d be forced to terminate the “pregnancy” if there were certain complications. Actually using a faux-womb would depend on if abortion was made 100% illegal. I’m for the technology but a mother really bonds with the fetus during that time so I don’t know if I’d choose to go through with it. It’s a pretty special time for a woman even if your body does go all fun house mirror on you.